Terezin Concentration Camp
Terezin was established during the reign of Joseph
II, the son of Maria Teresa, in the 18th century. Terezin, named
for his mother, was built as a fortress to protect the
borders of the Czech lands.
1939 – 45
were the most tragic period in the history of Terezin. During World
War II, it was used as a prison by the Prague Gestapo and the
town itself was transformed into a Jewish ghetto in 1942. More
than 150,000 prisoners went through it. Only 10% survived.
Besides the Jews from Bohemia and Moravia, there were victims from
Germany, Austria, the Netherlands, Denmark, Slovakia and Hungary.
Terezin will always remain the symbol of the Jewish genocide during
World War, as well as a lasting remembrance to present
and future generations.
Terezín is about 1 hour out of Prague. Our driver-guide will pick you up at the hotel in the time according to your choice.
This speacial tour is arranged in a car or in Mercedes Vito, people-carrier with special DVD equipment, for a group of 7 persons maximum.
Price are set for whole groups regardless of the number of people. During this half-day tour, you will see films and get a general idea about the city
of Terezín and the concentration camp from the DVD.
Our driver-guide will be start the private guided tour in the Ghetto Museum, there is a long-term exhibition situated.
Then you will continue by car to the Jewish Cemetery and Crematorium. On the way you will se Magdeburg barracks, the Columbarium and Funeral room.
After examining the Cemetery you will drive back to the city centre and visit the Small Fortress. You will be welcomed by a profesional
local guide because it is not allowed go in with your own guide. After this one hour walking tour you will be take back to Prague by our car or minivan.
The Ghetto Museum
The museum is situated in the center of the city and was
established in October, 1991. You will see a permanent exhibition
that displays the ghetto history and individual aspects of
its inmates - day to day life. A display of pictures,
painted by inmates and imprisoned children, is also part of
exhibition. Documentary films are screened at the cinema. You
can buy souvenirs, books or videos.
The Small Fortress
Part of the Terezin fortification system, built between 1780
and 1790, always served as a prison. At the beginning of the
Second World War, the Small Fortress was turned into a prison
of run by the Prague Gestapo. It was established as a key link
in the repressive system of the Nazi occupation authorities.
In front of the main gate there is the National Cemetery, founded
in autumn, 1945.
The Jewish Prayer Hall
The prayer hall was founded during the ghetto period and
served the spiritual needs of prisoners, who were accommodated
in the neighboring houses. A few years ago, the Terezin Memorial
restored this prayer hall and made it accessible to visitors
During the time of the ghetto, the former riding barracks
were known as the Magdeburg Barracks. These premises housed
the offices of the ghetto's Jewish self-administration, whose
leading officials were accommodated there as well. Part of
the building is now used by the Terezin Memorial, primarily
The Jewish Cemetery
The cemetery was built soon after the establishment of the Terezin Ghetto, in 1941. From the beginning the people were buried in individual graves but later in mass graves.
A crematorium was opened later. It was built by prisoners of Terezin ´s camp. It is a simple and purpose-built structure.
The ashes were stored in urns and taken to the columbarium. Not only dead bodies of the ghetto were burnt there but also prisoners from the Small Fortress.
About 30 000 people were cremated here.